Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde Serie A (Biologie)

Herausgeber:

Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde, Rosenstein 1, D-70191 Stuttgart

Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturk. Nr. 703 | 25S.,10 Abb. | Stuttgart, 10. TV. 2007

Revision of Oncotophasma Rehn (Insecta: Phasmatodea: Diapheromeridae)

OLIVER ZOMPRO

Abstract

The Central American genus Oncotophasma Rehn, 1904 (= Paradiapheromera Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) (Phasmatodea: Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini) is re- vised. The genus contains eight species, of which three are described for the first time: Onco- tophasma limonense n.sp., ©. maculosum n. sp. and O. weitschati n.sp. Listings of museum- material and keys to species are included.

Keywords: Phasmatodea, Oncotophasma, revision, new species, Central America.

Zusammenfassung

Die mittelamerikanische Gattung Oncotophasma Rehn, 1904 (= Paradiapheromera Brun- ner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) (Phasmatodea: Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromeri- ni) wird revidiert. Die Gattung enthält acht Arten, von denen drei erstmalig beschrieben wer- den: Oncotophasma limonense n. sp., O. maculosum n. sp. und O. weitschati n. sp. Das in den verschiedenen Sammlungen vorhandene Material wird aufgelistet und ein Schlüssel zu den Arten präsentiert.

Contents Te Introduchon sr ne en ee er ee Bere 2 2, Materialsend.methodse Au Sara de a tc: a Fe a ren el 2 OF > 1ax0nomyEa Bay en bu En a A sath Ry Nee ala Bruhn Lad Ber HE lu 3 3,1 Ihe genus Oncotophasma Rehn, 1904 2.2... t nen nennen 3 3.2 Oncotophasma armatum (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) ......2 2222222 eee eee 4 3.3 Oncotophasma coxatum (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) „2.22.2222 0... cee ee ee 5 3.4, "Oncotophasma.limonense.n. SPs aan ty Sine re Sugt eg Pes 7 395 ONCOLOpI ESA. MACHIOSHIN DESO ae ee a AE eee 10 3.6.7 Oncotephasmamartın. (Grin VS) nn ern 12 3.7. Oncotophasma modestum (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) .......... 2222222200. 18 3.8: ‚Oncotephasmapodagrıcum (Stal1879 es aa hii os soe sae ee ae 20 3:97 Oncdtophasina WeUscbatt 1h, SP ces nen neh tee nen siete bee 21 IOTKeysto SPEClESOLOUCOLOPV ASIA u nae ee en een 23 Ae nd DISCUSSION re Dan aan yan tole ale atc ie ee tied nd ER toate Ese Mie ae er 23 BR eferences at ti che Cem ee a ree RN Re CR ee ee a AN Cn Sor 24

2 STUTTGARTER BEITRÄGE ZUR NATURKUNDE Ser. A, Nr. 703 1 Introduction

The Stick Insects of the New World have been comparatively poorly studied. Since BRUNNER v. WATTENWYL (1907) & REDTENBACHER (1906, 1908) published their famous monograph “Die Insektenfamilie der Phasmiden” only HEBARD and REHN have concentrated on this fauna in various publications, and only a few taxa have been added by various authors afterwards. ZomPRO (2001a) revised the genera of the family Diapheromeridae, which has been named Heteronemiidae by all other authors until ZomMpRO (2001b) revealed the true position of the type species Hete- ronemia mexicana Gray, 1835 and transferred it from the “Anareolatae” into the Areolatae. Subsequently Zompro (2004) revised the genera of the Areolatae and es- tablished a new phylogeny for the order, followed by a key to the New World gen- era of the Phasmatodea (2005). During all this work it became obvious that dozens, if not hundreds of as yet unknown New World species present in museum collec- tions await their description.

In the present study the genus Oncotophasma Rehn, 1904 (Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini: Clonistria group) is revised. To date, Onco- tophasma comprises five species: O. armata Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, O. coxata (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907), O. martini (Griffini, 1896), O. modestum (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) and O. podagricum (Stal, 1875). Oncotophasma limonense n.sp., O. maculosum n.sp. and O. weitschati n.sp. are described for the first time here, raising the total number of species to eight.

The genus is distributed in Southern Central America, from Costa Rica to the North of Colombia.

RoBINSON (1968) described the defensive-behaviour of the type species O. marti- ni.

Acknowledgements

Dr. GEORGE BEccALONI (BMNH), Dr. PuıL Brace (Nottinghamshire), Dr. RAINER EmmricH (MTD), Dr. WOLFGANG SCHAWALLER (SMNS) and Prof. Dr. Hans STRÜMPEL (ZMH) have to be acknowledged for the loans of material. Prof. Dr. WOLFGANG JUNK and Prof. Dr. JoacHhm Apts (both Max-Planck-Institut für Limnologie, AG Tropenökologie, Plön) supported this project in every respect.

2 Materials and methods

Material has been examined from most European museums and from the author’s collec- tion. Fresh material was preserved in the method described by Zompro (1996). The examina- tions were executed using a Zeiss Jena Citoval-2 stereoscope and drawings were made using a drawing tube. Measurements were taken using a MBC-9 stereoscope with a scale ocular. All photoworks were executed with a Medion 9700 4-Mpixel digital camera.

Acronyms of depositories

ANSP Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, USA

BMNH The Natural History Museum, London, England

DEI Deutsches Entomologisches Institut, Müncheberg (formerly Eberswalde), Germany

MHNG Museum d’Histoire naturelle, Geneva, Switzerland

MIZT Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Italy

MNHN Museum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, France

ZOMPRO, REVISION OF ONCOTOPHASMA 3

MTD Museum für Tierkunde, Dresden, Germany NHMW Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria NHRS Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, Stockholm, Sweden

OZ Private collection O. Zompro, Kiel, Germany (affiliated with ZMUK) SMNS Staatliches Museum fiir Naturkunde, Stuttgart, Germany ZMB Zoologisches Museum der Humboldt-Universitat, Berlin, Germany

ZMH Zoologisches Museum der Universitat Hamburg, Germany ZMUK Zoologisches Museum der Christian-Albrecht-Universitat, Kiel, Germany

3 Taxonomy

3.1 The genus Oncotophasma Rehn, 1904

Oncotophasma Rehn, 1904: REHN 1904: 59. Kirsy 1904: 59; HEBARD 1922: 358; ZOMPRO 2001a: 228, 2004: 316, 2005: 142; OTTE & Brock 2005: 233. Type species: Bostra martini Griffini, 1896, by original designation. Gender: Neuter.

= Paradiapheromera Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907: BRUNNER v. WaTTENWYL 1907: 317. - SHELFORD 1909: 347; HEBARD 1922: 358 (synonymised with Oncotophasma). Type species: Paradiapheromera strumosa Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, by monotypy. Gender: Neuter.

Diagnosis Diapheromerini: Clonistria group. 52. Within the Clonistria group Oncotophas- ma is characterised in dd by the lack of lateral nodes on tergite X and by a meta- notum, which often has a different structure on the anterior and posterior parts. In 22 the supra-anal plate is short and the subgenital plate projects considerably be- yond the tip of the abdomen. The body lacks spines and leaf-like appendices. 84

with minute rudiments of tegmina.

Description

(after REHN 1904: 59, corrected and extended by Zompro 2001a: 229 and here)

32. Medium to large sized members of the Clonistria-group. d reddish brown, ? light brown, yellow or green. Body not armed.

Head: Longer than wide, unarmed, parallel sided. Scapus flattened, longer than wide, pedicellus half as long and wide, cylindrical. Antennae projecting well beyond apex of abdomen (6d) or reaching at least abdominal segment V (2). Head indistinct- ly longer and wider than pronotum. Eyes projecting hemispherically.

Thorax: Mesonotum of d elongated, at least twice as long as metanotum, consid- erably narrower than pronotum. Anterior half of d metanotum smooth, built nor- mally; posterior part, at least dorsally, structured differently, often rough and swollen. Mesonotum of 2 of similar width as pronotum, more than twice as long as metanotum, smooth or granulated.

Legs: Profemora curved and compressed basally, three-edged, tibiae longer than profemora, probasitarsi equal in length or longer than following tarsomeres. Meso- and metafemora four-edged, with at least one apical spine in the meso- and at least two spines in the metafemora. Mesobasitarsi as long as, metabasitarsi longer than combined length of following tarsal segments. Metafemora of d broadened, often with several prominent spines ventrally. All tarsal segments slightly furrowed dor- sally, as in Clonistria Stal, 1875.

Abdomen: Median segment one-third (d) or half (?) of length of abdominal seg-

4 STUTTGARTER BEITRÄGE ZUR NATURKUNDE Ser. A, Nr. 703

ment II. III to IV longer than II, of equal width (3) or wider than others (¢), VII as long as II. ¢ segment VIII widened proximally, widest segment, as long as IX, longer than X. Anterior half of IX with impression laterally. Subgenital plate rounded, with broad posterior margin. d vomer broad triangular. - 2: Segments VIII and IX of similar length, longer than X. Subgenital plate projecting beyond apex of abdomen by length of VIII, furrowed ventro-apically, lateral margins turned upwards, touch- ing each other dorsally and forming a closed tube in the posterior half. Sternite VII with preopercular organ.

Egg: Capsule elongate, flattened bullet-shaped, straight ventrally, curved dorsally, surface covered with irregular keels. Colour brown. Micropylar plate elongated oval, one-third of length of capsule, median line present, reaching polar-area. Oper- culum inserted in a negative angle of 70°, oval, with sharp, elevated margin, set with hair-like structures.

Distribution Central and northwestern South America (Costa Rica to Colombia).

3.2 Oncotophasma armatum (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) (Figs. 6f, 7f, 8f, 9f, 10f)

Paradiapheromera armata Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907: BRUNNER v. WATTENWYL 1907: 317. Original type data: “d. Chiriqui (Coll. GoDmAn)”; Type in BMNH. - SHELFORD 1909: 347, pl. 5:3.

Oncotophasma armatum: ZOMPRO 2001a: 228; OTTE & Brock 2005: 233.

Material examined (16) Holotype &: V. de Chiriqui, 4000-6000 ft., CHampron [BMNH].

Diagnosis 3. Differing from other Oncotophasma species by the presence of two metanotal tubercles. 2 and egg unknown.

Distribution Panama. Only known from the type locality.

Description

3. General colour of dried specimen various shades of brown. Body slightly shiny.

Head (Fig. 6f): Dark brown with light brown spots. Longer than wide, narrowed posteriad behind eyes. Slightly impressed between bases of antennae. Occiput with a short, dorsomedian impression. With a light stripe behind eyes. Eyes projecting hemispherically. Antennae projecting beyond abdomen. Scapus flat cylindrical, black. Pedicellus half as long, two-thirds as wide, also black. Following anten- nomeres brown, elongate.

Thorax: Pronotum slightly shorter and narrower than head, with cross-shaped impression, its lateral margin slightly emarginated. Mesonotum with fine median ca- rina, more than 4 times as long and as wide as pronotum, slightly broadened at mesocoxae. Metanotum less than half as long as mesonotum; anterior half roughly structured, posterior half bearing two large tubercles (Fig. 7f).

ZOMPRO, REVISION OF ONCOTOPHASMA 5

Legs: Profemora brown with irregular darker spots, strongly curved and com- pressed basally, trapezoid in cross-section, with granulate carina ventromedially. Protibiae straight, trapezoid in cross-section, slightly shorter than profemora. Pro- tarsi (Fig. 8f) about half as long as protibiae. Probasitarsi longer than following four tarsomeres combined, 3 times as long as second segment; third segment half as long as second, twice as long as fourth; fifth tarsomere as long as third and fourth com- bined. Mesofemora trapezoid in cross-section, edges as well as ventromedian carina slightly serrate to granulate, bearing two large ventromedian teeth before knee. Mesotibiae about as long as mesofemora, trapezoid in cross-section, with strongly raised carina ventromedially. Mesotarsi slightly longer than half length of meso- tibiae. Mesobasitarsi slightly shorter than following four tarsomeres; second seg- ment one-third as long as mesobasitarsi; third two-thirds as long as second; fourth half as long as third; fifth as long as third and fourth combined. Metafemora (Fig. 9f) broadened, trapezoid in cross section, with broad raised ventromedian carina, this bearing five large spines, their distance decreasing and their length increasing apicad; between these spines with several distinctly smaller spines. Metatibiae longer than metafemora, trapezoid in cross-section, with raised and strongly spinose carina ven- tromedially; dorsal edges of Metatibiae granulate, ventral edges serrate. Metatarsi half as long as metatibiae. Metabasitarsi distinctly longer than combined length of following four tarsomeres, with granulate carina ventromedially; second segment less than one-third as long as first; third half as long as second; fourth half as long as third; fifth as long as third and fourth combined.

Abdomen (Fig. 10f): Median segment about half as long as metanotum. Abdomi- nal segment II slightly longer than median segment. II to V slightly increasing, V to VII decreasing in length. VII slightly shorter than VII, strongly broadened apicad. IX as long as VI, tectiform. X shorter than VIII, with carina dorsomedially and a broad notch posteriorly. Supra-anal plate slightly projecting, semicircular. Vomer triangular, slightly curved upwards apicad. Cerci simple, slender, slightly curved in- wards, as long as X. Subgenital plate swollen, elongated posteriorly.

Measurements (length in mm): Body: 54.3; head: 3.1; pronotum: 2.9; mesonotum: 13.5; metanotum: 5.3; median segment: 2.7; profemora: 20.0; protibiae: 17.2; protar- si: 8.8; mesofemora: 11.6; mesotibiae: 11.3; mesotarsi: 6.9; metafemora: 17.1; meta- tibiae: 18.6; metatarsi: 9.5.

3.3 Oncotophasma coxatum (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) (Figs. 6a, 7a, 8a, 8g, 9a, 9g, 10a, 108g)

Dyme coxata Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907: BRUNNER v. WATTENWYL 1907: 323. Original type data: “&. Columbia (Coll. m.)”; Type in NHMW. Oncotophasma coxatum: ZOMPRO 2001a: 228; OTTE & BRock 2005: 233.

Material examined (2 dd, 2 2¢)

Holotype ¢: Columbia [NHMW] (abdomen broken off after abdominal segment IV); 16: Tuis, 1000 m, Costa Rica [MTD] (pin includes remains of a second 3); 2 22: Tuis, 1000 m, Costa Rica, 1934 4 [MTD].

Diagnosis 3. Metanotum not swollen, without tubercles or humps, lateral margins paral- lel. Posterior part of metanotum of same structure as anterior one, not raised dorso-

6 STUTTGARTER BEITRÄGE ZUR NATURKUNDE Ser. A, Nr. 703

caudally. Probasitarsı much longer than following four tarsomeres combined. - Egg unknown.

Distribution Costa Rica, Colombia.

Description

3. Very slender. General colour light brownish red. Basal half of femora greenish.

Head (Fig. 6a): Slightly longer than wide. Yellowish with dark mark in the middle (holotype) or brown (d from Tuis). With a quadrate impression between bases of antennae. Eyes projecting hemispherically. Antennae projecting beyond abdomen considerably. Scapus flattened rectangular, with acute edges. Pedicellus two-thirds as long and wide as scapus, slightly globose. Third antennomere conical, following ones strongly elongate.

Thorax: Pronotum elongate rectangular, narrower than head, with fine anterior and lateral margins. Disc with a cross-shaped impression. Mesonotum strongly elongate, most of it slightly narrower than pronotum. Metanotum (Fig.7a) as mesonotum, slightly broader, lateral margins parallel.

Legs: Profemora trapezoid in cross-section, strongly curved and compressed basally. Protibiae slightly longer than profemora, trapezoid in cross-section. Pro- basitarsi (Fig. 8a) much longer than following four segments combined; second tar- somere one-third as long as basitarsi; third half as long as second; fourth half as long as third; fifth segment, including claws, slightly longer than second one. Meso- and metafemora (Fig.9a) trapezoid in cross-section, before the joint with two major teeth ventromedially. Meso- and metatibiae and tarsi as in forelegs, but basitarsi on- ly slightly longer than following four segments combined, with spine like bristles ventrolaterally in basal one-quarter.

Abdomen (Fig. 10a): Median segment less than one-third as long as metanotum. Abdominal segments I to IV increasing, V to VIII decreasing in length. IV about as long as V. VIII broadened posteriad, posterior half slightly tectiform dorsally. IX strongly tectiform and compressed laterally, as long as VI. X slightly shorter than VII, slightly narrowed posteriad, with a small notch posteromedially. Cerci slender, slightly curved inwards, half as long as X. Vomer elongate triangular. Subgenital plate bulgy, projecting beyond middle of IX.

Measurements (length in mm): Body: 72.1-74.1; head: 2.9-3.1; pronotum: 2.9-3.1; mesonotum: 16.3-19.3; metanotum: 6.5-7.9; median segment: 1.8-2.8; profemora: 19.9-20.3; protibiae: 23.7; protarsi: 11.3; mesofemora: 16.5-19.3; mesotibiae: 18.3; mesotarsı: 7.6; metafemora: 21.8-23.1; metatibiae: 22.3; metatarsı: 7+.

2. General colour brown or light brown.

Head: Subrectangular, slightly narrowed posteriad, with a fine impression medio- longitudinally. Eyes projecting almost hemispherically. Antennae filiform, project- ing beyond abdominal segment V. Scapus strongly flattened, with sharp edges later- ally. Pedicellus slightly globose, two-thirds as long as scapus. Third antennomere conical, about as long as scapus. Following antennomeres strongly elongate.

Thorax: Pronotum rectangular, its lateral margins slightly concave, anterior margin distinct, posterior one absent. Disc with a cross-shaped impression, which is of the same colour as the pronotum in the light brown and whitish in the brown specimen.

ZOMPRO, REVISION OF ONCOTOPHASMA v4

Mesonotum strongly elongate, with a fine median line and a few granulae which are lighter in colour. Metanotum as mesonotum, but distinctly less than half as long.

Legs: Profemora trapezoid in cross-section, strongly curved and compressed basally. Profemoral interodorsal carina prominent, strongly lamellate, ventromedian carina slightly raised. Protibiae slightly longer than profemora, trapezoid in cross- section, ventromedian carina slightly lamellate, especially in basal one-quarter. Probasitarsi (Fig. 8g) slightly longer than following four tarsomeres combined; sec- ond one one-third as long as basitarsi; third half as long as second; fourth half as long as third; fifth segment, including claws, as long as second one. Meso- and metafemo- ra (Fig. 9g) trapezoid in cross-section, ventromedian carina with several granulae, before the joint with two major teeth. Meso- and metatibiae as in forelegs. Mesotar- si missing in all specimens examined. Metabasitarsi longer than following four seg- ments combined, ventral edges with tooth-like bristles, especially towards the joint; second tarsomere about one-third as long; third half as long as second; fourth less than half as long as third; fifth segment, including claws, slightly longer than second.

Abdomen (Fig. 10g): Median segment less than half as long as metanotum. Ab- dominal segment II one-quarter longer. I to V increasing, V to VIII decreasing in length. IX slightly shorter than VII but longer than VIII. VIII and IX strongly tec- tiform. X shorter than VIII, concave posteriorly, supra-anal plate short, roundly tri- angular. Subgenital plate projecting beyond abdomen by length of VIII, projecting part forming a dorsally closed tube, apex acute.

Measurements (length in mm): Body: 87.1-88.6; head: 4.2-4.7; pronotum: 3.1-3.6; mesonotum: 19.8-21.3; metanotum: 7.5-7.8; median segment: 3.0-3.1; profemora: 19.8-21.7; protibiae: 22.2-23.0; protarsi: 8.7-9.0; mesofemora: 15.0-16.2; mesotibiae: 14.7; mesotarsi: broken off in all specimens examined; metafemora: 19.2-21.0; meta- tibiae: 21.8—22.7; metatarsi: 10.1-11.1.

3.4 Oncotophasma limonense n.sp. (Figs. 1, 2, 6d, 6g, 7d, 8d, 8i, 9d, 9i, 10d, 103)

Material examined (7 84,12)

Holotype d: Costa Rica, Farm Hamburg a. Reventazon, 28.1V.1929, im Urwald, F. NEVERMANN, Eing. Nr. 149, 1929 [ZMH].

Paratypes: 16: Costa Rica, Ebene von Limon bei Las Mercedes, Farm Hamburg am Reventazon, 19.1.1923, 10-30 m ü. Meer, 12-30km vom Atlantik, F. NEVERMANN leg., ded. 17.111.1923 [ZMH]; 1 &: Costa Rica, Ebene von Limon bei Las Mercedes, Farm Hamburg am Reventazon, 25.V1.1923, 10-30 m ü. Meer, 12-30 km vom Atlantik, F. NEVERMANN leg., ded. 11.1X.1922 [ZMH]; 1 2: Costa Rica, Farm Hamburg, 25.V.1936, nachts, Urwald, F. NEvER- MANN leg., Eing. Nr.41, 1937 [ZMH]; 1: Costa Rica, Limön, Cahuita NP, coastal forest with palm trees, 4m, 8.VIII.1999, leg. I. RichLıng [OZ]; 16: Reventazon, Costa Rica [MHNG]; 1 6: Turrialba, Costa Rica, HEYNE, Berlin-Wilm. [DEI]; 1 8: Costa Rica, San José, C. WERCKLE S. G. [ZMB].

Name

After the origin, the Province Limön.

Diagnosis 32. Closely related and similar to O. martini, but comparatively slender and longer as well as lighter in colour. d mesonotum slenderer and metanotum less swollen as in O. martini, 6 metafemora with comparatively smaller spines. Swollen

8 STUTTGARTER BEITRÄGE ZUR NATURKUNDE Ser. A, Nr. 703

HOLOTYPUS det, ©.2%ompro VIll.199a7

Figs. 1-4. Oncotophasma spp. - 1. O. limonense n.sp., holotype, d [ZMH]. 2. O. limonense n.sp., paratype, 2 [ZMH]. 3. O. maculosum n.sp., holotype, ? [OZ]. 4. O. weitschati n.sp., holotype, ? [SMNS].

part of mesonotum less wrinkled. Contrasts in d colouration much less distinct than in O. martini. 3 probasitarsi much longer than following four tarsomeres com- bined. Egg unknown.

ZOMPRO, REVISION OF ONCOTOPHASMA 9

Distribution Costa Rica. Description 3. General colour of dried specimens light orange brown, legs greenish brown. Body slightly shiny.

Head (Fig. 6d): Rectangular, distinctly longer than wide, between bases of anten- nae with round impression. Clypeus whitish. Vertex with a longitudinal impression medially and two longitudinal impressions submedially. With a whitish brown, elongate triangular area above eyes. Eyes projecting hemispherically. Antennae fili- form, projecting considerably beyond apex of abdomen. Scapus flattened. Pedicellus cylindrical, more than half as long as scapus, slightly swollen.

Thorax: Pronotum distinctly longer than wide, emarginated above pro-epister- num, marginated anteriorly, this margin }-shaped posteriorly. Pronotum divided by a longitudinal and a transverse impression. Its posterior margin broad, but flat and indistinct. Mesonotum strongly elongate, about 6 times as long as pronotum, nar- rowest before middle, with few, very indistinct granules. Mesonotum 2.5 times longer than metanotum. Mesosternum smooth, slightly shiny. Anterior half of metanotum (Fig. 7d) more roughly structured than mesonotum; posterior half dis- tinctly swollen, more roughly structured than anterior half. Metasternum also roughly structured.

Legs: Profemora strongly curved and compressed basally. Curved part of pro- femora green, medium part brown, knees darkened. Ventromedian carina promi- nent. Protibiae longer than profemora, distinctly longer. Protarsi (Fig. 8d) slightly lighter in colour than protibiae. Probasitarsi trapezoid in cross section, strongly elongate, remaining four tarsomeres combined about two-thirds of length of pro- basitarsi. Meso- and metacoxae green. Mesofemora light greenish brown, trapezoid in cross section, with prominent carina ventromedially and two blackish spines ven- tromedio-apically. Mesotibiae light brownish, with a small spine ventromedio-api- cally. Mesobasitarsi as protarsi, but mesobasitarsi only slightly longer than com- bined length of following tarsomeres. Metafemora (Fig. 9d) light brownish, distinct- ly broadened, with prominent carina ventromedially; this carina bearing several large, black spines (number of specimens examined varying between 2 and 9), be- tween the large spines with numerous smaller ones. Metatibiae elongate and slender, longer than metafemora, ventromedian carina also with large and small spines, but spines much smaller. In metatarsi metabasitarsi distinctly longer than following tar- someres combined.

Abdomen (Fig. 10d): Metanotum little more than twice as long as median seg- ment, smooth and shining. Median segment a little narrower than anterior half of metanotum. Abdominal segment II twice as long as median segment, III 1.5 times as long as II. VII and V of equal length, as long as median segment and II together. VI as long as II, VII as long as median segment. VIII widened distad to nearly double width of VII. IX slightly narrower than VIII, slightly narrowed distad. X half as long as VIII, impressed mediolongitudinally in posterior two-thirds. Cerci nearly as long as X, slightly curved. Subgenital plate strongly swollen, almost rectangular pos- teriorly, with weak posterior margin. Vomer triangular, with black apex.

Measurements (length inmm): Body: 69.8--80 (terminal segments missing in largest specimen); head: 3.4-3.8; pronotum: 3.0-2.4; mesonotum: 17.0-21.2; meta-

10 STUTTGARTER BEITRÄGE ZUR NATURKUNDE Ser. A, Nr. 703

notum: 7.2-10.4; median segment: 2.8-4.6; profemora: 20.2-25.1; protibiae: 22.9-27.0; protarsi: 10.2-11.1; mesofemora: 16.0-19.0; mesotibiae: 16.5-19.4; meso- tarsi: 7.2-8.9; metafemora: 21.2-25.4; metatibiae: 24.6-27.9; metatarsi: 9.8-11.5.

2. General colour of dried specimen light brown.

Head (Fig. 6g): Flat, rectangular almost 1.5 times as long as wide, with slight lon- gitudinal impression medially. Clypeus brown. With triangular 1 impression between bases of antennae. With a darker stripe behind eyes. Eyes projecting almost hemi- spherically. Antennae as in 6, projecting beyond abdominal tergite VIII.

Thorax: Pronotum as in d. Mesonotum about 5.5 times as long as pronotum, with distinct median line, slightly broadened in posterior one-fifth, indistinctly granulat- ed. Mesonotum slightly more than 2.5 times as long as metanotum, the latter struc- tured as mesonotum.

Legs (Fig. 81): As in d, but profemora and tibiae green, their edges stronger lamel- late, probasitarsi only slightly longer than following four tarsomeres combined and metafemora (Fig. 91) only with two teeth ventro-apically.

Abdomen (Fig. 10i): Metanotum about 2.5 times as long as median segment. Ab- dominal tergites I to V increasing, V to VIII decreasing in length. III to V widest seg- ments. VIII slightly shorter than IX, X distinctly shorter than VIII. VIII slightly, IX distinctly tectiform, X with raised median line. Cerci elongate and slender, slightly curved inwards. Subgenital plate light green, projecting beyond abdomen by the length of VIII, slightly curved upwards from middle on, lateral margins almost touching dorsally. Apex of subgenital plate acute.

Measurements (length inmm): Body: 117.8; head: 5.9; pronotum: 4.8; mesono- tum: 27.2; metanotum: 10.1; median segment: 3.8; profemora: 28.1; protibiae: 28.6; protarsi: 12.0; mesofemora: 21.8; mesotibiae: 18.5; mesotarsi: 11.7; metafemora: 27.6; metatibiae: 28.5; metatarsi: 12.8.

3.5 Oncotophasma maculosum n.sp. (Figs. 3, 5a, 8k, 9k, 10k)

Material examined (1 @)

Holotype &, 1 egg ex ovipositor: Costa Rica, Puntarenas, S San Vito, Wilson Botanical Garden, 1160 m, 27.VIII.1999 [OZ].

Name

Maculosum, Latin for spotted, referring to the black spots on the body and extremities.

Diagnosis 2, egg. A small Oncotophasma-species. Easily recognised by the yellow colour, the black spots on the extremities and the completely smooth body. Egg bullet- shaped, light greyish brown. - d unknown.

Distribution Costa Rica. Only known from the type locality.

ZOMPRO, REVISION OF ONCOTOPHASMA 11

Description

2. Body completely smooth. General colour of dried specimen yellow with small brownish areas on thorax and abdomen and black spots on extremities. d unknown.

Head: Rectangular, parallel sided, one-third longer than wide, with a round im- pression between antennae and a mediolongitudinal impression in posterior half. Clypeus whitish, yellowish brown in middle. Scapus rectangular, flat, margins com- pressed dorsolaterally, apex blackened. Pedicellus globose, half as long and two- thirds as wide as scapus. Antennae filiform, projecting beyond abdominal segment VU. Third antennomere almost as long as scapus and pecicellus combined. Follow- ing antennomeres elongate, dark brown ventrally and yellow dorsally.

Thorax: Pronotum rectangular, widely emarginated laterally, with a cross-like im- pression. Anterior margin of pronotum broad and distinct, posterior one broader, but indistinct. Pronotal anterolateral edges with a sublateral longitudinal impres- sion. Mesonotum 6 times as long as pronotum, with fine mediolongitudinal impres- sion. Metanotum as mesonotum, but less than half as long.

Legs: Profemora strongly curved and compressed basally, trapezoid in cross-sec- tion, with prominent ventromedian carina, bearing several small black spots. Tibiae slightly longer than profemora, trapezoid in cross-section, slightly raised dorsally straight before apex. Protarsi almost half as long as protibiae. Probasitarsi (Fig. 8k) as long as following four tarsomeres combined; second tarsomere about as long as third and fourth combined; claws slightly darker in colour. Mesofemora trapezoid in cross-section, also with prominent ventromedian carina and several black spots. Mesotibiae as protibiae, but slightly shorter than mesofemora. Mesotarsi longer than half length of mesotibiae. Mesobasitarsi slightly shorter than combined length of following four tarsomeres. Hindlegs (Fig. 9k) as midlegs, but metabasitarsi as long as following four tarsomeres combined.

Abdomen (Fig. 10k): Metanotum about 2.8 times as long as median segment. Ab- dominal segment II twice as long as median segment. II to V increasing in length and width, VI shorter than V. VII to X distinctly narrower than VI. VII shorter than VII, VIII as long as IX. VIII raised dorsoposteriad. X shorter than IX, carinate dor- somedially, with a broad notch posteriorly. Supra-anal plate semicircular, tectiform medially. Abdominal sternite VII with black preopercular organ. Cerci straight, dark. Subgenital plate projecting tergite X almost by the length of IX and X com- bined, with a short ventromedian impression behind its middle, curved upwards in apical one-third. Lateral margins of subgenital plate touching dorsally in apical one- third.

Measurements (length in mm): Body: 74.3; head: 3.9; pronotum: 3.0; mesonotum: 18.3; metanotum: 8.0; median segment: 2.8; profemora: 19.0; protibiae: 20.8; protar- si: 9.8; mesofemora: 15.0; mesotibiae: 13.3; mesotarsi: 7.3; metafemora: 18.2; meta- tibiae: 20.5; metatarsı: 9.6.

Egg (Fig. 5a): Capsule brown, bullet-shaped, slightly depressed laterally, covered with fine irregular carinae. Areas between carinae leather-like. Ventral surface almost straight, dorsal one angled, highest at anterior margin of micropylar plate. Capsule surrounded by a narrowed collar anteriorly. Micropylar plate suboval, about one- third of length of capsule, narrowed anteriad. Median line distinct. Operculum oval, flat, inserted in a positive angle of about 35°, with long bristles in center. - Measure- ments (inmm): Length: 3.85; width: 1.55; height: 1.85.

12 STUTTGARTER BEITRÄGE ZUR NATURKUNDE Ser. A, Nr. 703

Fig. 5. Eggs of Oncotophasma spp., lateral aspect. (a) O. maculosum n. sp.; (b) O. martini.

3.6 Oncotophasma martini (Griffini, 1896) (Figs. 5b, 6e, 7e, 8e, 8], 9e, 97, 10e, 10))

Bostra martini Griffini, 1896: Grırrinı 1896: 10. - Original type data: “Un unico d, privo di zampe anteriori. Foreste presso la laguna della Pita (Darien)”; Type in MIZT. SHELFORD 1909: 362.

Oncotophasma martini: Kırzy 1904: 351; GıGLıo-Tos 1910: 39; REHN 1904: 59; HEBARD 1922: 358, 1933: 125; RoBINSON 1968: 183ff, figs. 1-2 (behaviour); HARMAN 1990: 6; ZOM- PRO 2001a: 228; OTTE & Brock 2005: 233.

= Paradiapheromera strumosa Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907: BRUNNER v. WATTENWYL 1907: 317. Original type data: “d. Chiriqui in Peru (Coll. m.), Darien (Mus. Paris)”; Types in NHMW and MNHN. - SHELFORD 1909: 347, pl. 5, fig. 4 d; HEBARD 1922: 358 (synonym of Bostra martini Griffini, 1896); ZoMPRO 2001a: 228 (lectotype).

Material examined (10 dd, 2 22, 5 eggs)

Holotype d: Columbia, Forests by the lagoon of Pita, Darien (Dr. E. Festa) [MIZT]; 1 6: coll. Br. v. W., Chiriqui (Panama), STAUDINGER, 20.V.[18]87 [NHMW]; 1 &: coll. Br. v. W., Chiriqui (Panama), StauDINGER [NHMW], lectotype and paralectotype of Paradia- pheromera strumosa Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907; 1 8: Costa Rica, Puntarenas, Monteverde, Ecological Farm, N-Waterfall, medium dry Forest, 1330 m, 15.VIII.1999, leg. I. RicHLING [OZ]; 18: Gatun, Panama, 28.VIl.-5.VIIl.1916, D. E. Harrowrer [MHNG]; 1 6: Costa Ri- ca [MHNG]; 1 6: without data [MHNG]; 18,2 22, 5 eggs: Reared by P. E. Brace 1990, from material collected by ALLAN Harman in Costa Rica, Monteverde, 1989 [coll. P. E. BraGcG PEB-450-453].

Diagnosis 3. Differing from other dd of Oncotophasma species by the strongly swollen posterior part of the metanotum. ¢ probasitarsi only slightly longer than following

ZOMPRO, REVISION OF ONCOTOPHASMA 13

four tarsomeres combined. 6 stouter and darker in colour than d of O. limonense n. sp.

Distribution Panama, Costa Rica and Colombia. Peru seems to be based on an error, Chiriqui is a town in Panama.

Description

3. General colour of dried specimens dark orange brown to reddish brown. Body slightly shiny. BRUNNER v. WATTENWYL’s paralectotype has a white colouration on abdominal segments IX and X.

Head (Fig. 6e): Trapezoid, slightly narrowed posteriad, compressed dorsoventral- ly, with an oval impression between bases of antennae. Behind eyes with a darker stripe and a whitish stripe ahead of it. Anterior half of head with a dark spot, poste- rior half reddish brown with fine but distinct mediolongitudinal impression. Clypeus whitish. Distance from hind margin of eye to posterior margin of head slightly less than 2.5 times diameter of the hemispherically projecting eyes. Anten- nae reaching apex of abdomen. Scapus broad, rectangular, flattened dorsoventrally. Pedicellus cylindrical, three quarters as wide and half as long as scapus. Third anten- nomere 1.5 times as long as scapus, slightly narrower than scapus. Fourth anten- nomere about half as long as third, the following increasing in length, from middle on of irregular length.

Thorax: Pronotum as long as but narrower than head, slightly emarginated later- ally, with a fine longitudinal and a fine transverse impression. Anterior margin of pronotum broad and flat, posterior margin twice as wide, also flat. Mesonotum strongly elongated. Its anterior part (length of pronotum) as wide as pronotum, the rest distinctly wider than pronotum. Metanotum (Fig. 7e) slightly more than twice as long as pronotum; anterior half with several flat irregular round to oval impres- sions; posterior half strongly broadened laterally and dorsally, impressions deeper. Sides of metanotum of same structure as posterior half.

Legs: Profemora curved and slightly compressed basally, trapezoid in cross-sec- tion, their interior and exterior edges prominent and projecting as well dorsally as ventrally; medioventral carinae also slightly projecting, bearing a small tooth apical- ly. Protibiae distinctly longer than profemora, edges also prominent and projecting. Protarsi (Fig. 8e) sulcate dorsally. Probasitarsi distinctly longer than following tar- someres combined; second segment slightly longer than third and fourth combined; third twice as long as fourth; fifth segment broadened distad, almost as long as third and fourth combined; claws strongly curved in anterior third. Mesofemora also trapezoid in cross-section, edges less prominent than in profemora, their intero- and exteroventral edges with darker, very fine granulation, medioventral carinae with several dark granulae and with two major black spines before the joint. Mesotibiae as protibiae, mesotarsi as protarsi. Metafemora (Fig. 9e) broadened, almost round dorsally, bearing five broad but flat longitudinal carinae dorsally, their extero- and interoventral edges slightly granulated, medioventral carinae bearing about seven large black spines, of which two are placed close to the joint. Metatibiae and metatar- si as protibiae and -tarsı.

Abdomen (Fig. 10e): Median segment half as long as metanotum, smooth and shiny, posterior two-thirds raised. Abdominal segment II narrower but one-third

14 STUTTGARTER BEITRÄGE ZUR NATURKUNDE Ser. A, Nr. 703

g

Fig. 6. Heads of Oncotophasma spp.; 36, dorsal aspect (a-f); 22, lateral aspect (g, h). - (a) O. coxatum; (b) O. podagrıcum; (c) O. modestum; (d) O. limonense n.sp.; (e) O. martini; (f) O. armatum; (g) O. limonense n. sp.; (h) O. weitschati n. sp. Scale: 5 mm.

f

Fig.7. Metanota of Oncotophasma spp., 3d, lateral aspect. - (a) O. coxatum; (b) O. poda- gricum; (c) O. modestum; (d) O. limonense n.sp.; (e) O. martini; (f) O. armatum. Scale: 5mm.

ZOMPRO, REVISION OF ONCOTOPHASMA i

SEE peek TE

a aE ae

——m—

i j k |

Fig. 8. Protarsi of Oncotophasma spp., lateral aspect; dd (a-f), 22 (g-I). - (a) O. coxatum; (b) O. podagricum; (c) O. modestum; (d) O. limonense n.sp.; (e) O. martini; (f) O. armatum; (8) O. coxatum; (h) O. modestum; (i) O. limonense n.sp.; (j) O. martini; (k) O. maculosum; (l) O. weitschati n. sp. Scale: 5 mm.

a == 4, ee Ser g Eh ET bh SSS | h > re i a eee a a bb —n k SSS a fo nn

Fig. 9. Metafemora of Oncotophasma spp., lateral aspect; dd (a-f), 22 (g-I). - (a) O. coxatum; (b) O. podagricum; (c) O. modestum; (d) O. limonense n.sp.; (e) O. martini; (f) O. armatum; (g) O. coxatum; (h) ©. modestum; (i) O. limonense n.sp.; (j) O. martini; (k) O. maculosum n.sp.; (Ll) O. weitschati n. sp. Scale: 5 mm.

longer than median segment, not shiny. II to V increasing, V to VII decreasing in length. VIII trapezoid, with broad median carina, strongly broadened, posterior margin almost 3 times as wide as that of II. IX also trapezoid, narrowed posteriad, almost tectiform, slightly shorter than VIII. X slightly shorter than IX, subquadrate, posterolateral edges broadly separated by a deep impression. Posterior half of X with a flat mediolongitudinal impression, beside this impression with two round projections posteriorly. Poculum as high as tergites VIII and IX, not projecting be- yond middle of X, posterior part raised subvertically. Cerci oval-triangular in shape, two-thirds as long as X, with moderately acute apex.

Measurements (length in mm): Body: 64.8-82.3; head: 3.8-4.3; pronotum: 2.8-3.5; mesonotum: 16.2-22.3; metanotum: 6.9-10.4; median segment: 4.1-5.4; profemora: 18.9-25.8; protibiae: 19.2-24.3; protarsi: 7.9-11.2; mesofemora: 16.1-20.9; mesotibi- ae: 15.2-18.3; mesotarsi: 7.5-10.8; metafemora: 21.1-26.3; metatibiae: 22.1-30.4; metatarsı: 8.7-13.8.

16 STUTTGARTER BEITRÄGE ZUR NATURKUNDE Ser. A, Nr. 703

Fig. 10. Terminal abdominal segments of Oncotophasma spp., lateral aspect; dd (a-f), (8-1). - (a) O. coxatum; (b) O. podagricum; (c) O. modestum; (d) O. limonense n. sp.; (e) O. martini; (f) O. armatum; (g) O. coxatum; (h) O. modestum; (i) O. limonense n. sp.; (j) O. mar- tint; (k) O. maculosum n. sp.; (l) O. weitschati n. sp. Scale: 10 mm.

?. General colour uniformly green or brown.

Head: Flat, rectangular, with impressed median line and a rhombic impresssion between the bases of the antennae. Eyes projecting about hemispherically. Antennae projecting beyond abdominal segment III. Scapus flat, rectangular. Pedicellus cylin- drical, two-thirds as long and two-thirds as wide as scapus. Remaining anten- nomeres elongate, third segment 1.5 times as long as pedicellus.

Thorax: Pronotum slightly shorter and narrower than head. Disc with fine, cross- shaped impression; emarginated and with distinct margins laterally and anteriorly;

ZOMPRO, REVISION OF ONCOTOPHASMA 17

without raised margin posteriorly. Mesonotum slightly wider than pronotum ante- riorly, weakly granulose, strongly elongate, about 4.5 times as long as pronotum, with distinct ridge mediodorsally. Small rudiments of tegmina present. Metanotum less than half as long as mesonotum, with same structure.

Legs: Profemora strongly curved and compressed basally, interodorsal and in- teroventral edges strongly lamellate. Protibiae slightly shorter, trapezoid in cross- section, edges lamellate. Mesofemora trapezoid in cross-section, slightly broadened, with several small teeth ventromedially. Mesotibiae with several teeth ventromedial- ly. Metafemora (Fig. 9j) and metatibiae as in midlegs, but teeth slightly larger. Tarsi (Fig. 8j) as in d, but basitarsi comparatively shorter, slightly serrate laterally in basal half.

Abdomen (Fig. 10j): Segment II one-third longer than median segment, III one- third longer than II. HI to V slightly increasing in length, V to VII considerably de- creasing in length and width. VII slightly compressed laterally. VII shorter than VI, tectiform, broadened posteriad, IX shorter than VIII, tectiform, X about as long as VIII, with distinct ridge mediodorsally, emarginated posteriorly. Supra-anal plate projecting, convex posteriorly, with a ridge medially. Preopercular organ produced as a short, longitudinal ridge. Subgenital plate short, not surpassing beyond middle of tergite X (reared material; supposed to be longer in wild specimens), acute apical- ly, with a longitudinal ridge ventromedially. Genital valves projecting. Cerci ellip- soid.

Measurements (length in mm): Body: 75.0-78.0; head: 4.8-5.1; pronotum: 3.84.1; mesonotum: 16.5-17.0; metanotum: 6.4-7.1; median segment: 3.8-4.0; profemora: 17.0-17.6; protibiae: 16.5-16.9; protarsi: 8.8-9.0; mesofemora: 12.1-12.6; mesotibiae: 11.0-11.6; mesotarsi: 6.6-7.2; metafemora: 16.2-16.9; metatibiae: 16.5-17.0; metatar- si: 8.5-9.0.

Egg (Fig. 5b): Capsule dark greyish brown, oval in lateral view, flattened laterally, with irregular honeycomb-shaped structure on leather-like surface. Operculum in- serted at a negative angle of about 15°, with a raised structure covering about half of the surface; inside this structure with a transparent orange knob. Measurements (in mm): Total length: 2.40; capsule length: 2.15; width: 1.25; height: 1.45.

Remarks

HEBARD (1922: 358) refers to specimens from Panama (6 dd: Gatun, Panama, 6.-22.VII1.1916, D. E. Harrower [2 NHMW, examined; 4 ANSP, not examined]; 2 22 from Barro Colorado Island [ANSP, not examined]). These specimens are con- siderably larger than the other material examined.

The & differs by having a yellow head with a black stripe on the genae and the vertex. This stripe is present on the mesothorax, too. Legs yellow, knees darkened. - Measurements (length inmm) (after HEBARD 1922: 358, not verified): Body: 83-92; mesonotum: 21.4-24.9; median segment: 4-4.8; profemora: 23.8-28.1; protibiae: 26.7-31.5; mesofemora: 18.5-22; metafemora: 26-29.

? (after HEBARD 1933: 125, emended): Colour green or brown. The colouration is uniform. The hirsute mesonotum (more distinctly and generally anteriad) and metanotum show subobsolete tubercles and rugae laterad, the latter being unspe- cialised. The sharp rectangular apex of the operculum does not reach as far as the middle of the tenth tergite, but the filiform apices of the ovipositor, recurved distad,

18 STUTTGARTER BEITRÄGE ZUR NATURKUNDE Ser. A, Nr. 703

reach almost to its apex. The femora have the genicular lobes of all but the internal of the apical spined, but much more weakly than in the male. The profemora are de- cidedly more lamellate. The mesofemora have six to nine ventro-internal, the metafemora six to ten ventro-internal small spines. The metatibiae are also armed with a row of decidedly smaller dorsal spines. - Measurements (length in mm) (after HEBARD 1922: 358, not verified): Body: 89.2; mesonotum: 21.3; metanotum: 9.2; me- dian segment: 4.0; profemora: 20.7; metafemora: 19.8.

Further material is required to decide if this is just based on variation or if it is an- other (sub)species.

3.7 Oncotophasma modestum (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) (Figs. 6c, 7c, 8c, 8h, 9c, 9h, 10c, 10h)

Dyme modesta Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907: BRUNNER v. WATTENWYL 1907: 324. Original type data: “d. Chiriqui (Godman)”; Type in BMNH. - SHELFORD 1909: 348.

Oncotophasma podagricum: ZOMPRO 2001a: 229, pl. 3: 44 [not O. podagricum Stal, 1875, misidentified ].

Oncotophasma modestum: OTTE & Brock 2005: 233.

Material examined (3 dd, 1 2,1 egg)

Holotype 6: V. de Chiriqui below 4,000 ft., Champion [BMNH]; 1 6, 1 2,1 egg ex ovipos- itor: Costa Rica, Hondura, 6.V1.1936, F. NEVERMANN ded., Eing. Nr. 41, 1937 [ZMH]; 1d: La Trinidad, Costa Rica [MTD].

Diagnosis 3 2, egg. Stout species. Meso- and metafemora of both sexes with two large spines ventro-apically. Posterior half of d metanotum rough, weakly raised. ¢ probasitar- si only slightly longer than following four tarsomeres combined. Thorax and ab- domen of ? distinctly granulate. Egg bullet-shaped, brown.

Distribution Panama, Costa Rica.

Description

3. General colour of dried specimens reddish brown.

Head (Fig. 6c): Longer than wide, distinctly narrowed posteriad. With round im- pression between antennae. Vertex with mediolongitudinal impression. Eyes pro- jecting hemispherically. Antennae filiform, projecting beyond abdomen. Scapus and pedicellus greyish. Scapus flattened, slightly longer than wide. Pedicellus two-thirds as long and two-thirds as wide as scapus. Following antennomeres brown, elongate.

Thorax: Pronotum rectangular, shorter and narrower than head, with mediolon- gitudinal and mediotransversal impression; anterior and lateral margins fine, but dis- tinct. Posterior half of pronotum with two diverging impressions. Mesonotum 5 times as long and as wide as pronotum, broadened posteriorly, with fine line dor- somedially. Metanotum (Fig. 7c) less than half as long as mesonotum, evenly broad- ened posteriad; anterior half with distinct carina dorsomedially, posterior half slight- ly raised, with leather-like structure.

Legs: Profemora strongly curved and compressed basally, trapezoid in cross-sec- tion, with a distinct furrow between the dorsal carinae and a slightly raised carina

ZOMPRO, REVISION OF ONCOTOPHASMA 19

medioventrally; curved part green, straight part brown. Protibiae slightly longer than profemora, also trapezoid in cross-section and with raised medioventral carina. Protarsi half as long as protibiae. Probasitarsi (Fig. 8c) longer than combined length of following four segments; second segment longer than third and fourth combined; third twice as long as fourth; fifth a little longer than third, broadened apicad; claws as long as fourth, strongly curved, with blackish apex. Mesofemora trapezoid in cross-section, also with raised carina ventromedially; with one large and one indis- tinct tooth before the joint. Mesotibiae also trapezoid in cross-section, about as long as mesofemora. Mesotarsi half as long as mesotibiae. Mesobasitarsi slightly shorter than following four mesotarsomeres combined, otherwise mesotarsi as protarsı. Metafemora